Home
Brief Introduction
Leaders
Duty
Sub Units
Awards
Culture Bureaus
Zhejiang Culture & Art
Culture Themes
 
 
Statistics show that there have been more than 180 kinds of Za-Ju handing down from Ming Dynasty. Most of the masterpieces were produced by local playwrights. And The Four Sounds of Apes by Xu Wei was the best and most influential one.
    Xu Wei (1521-1593), or Wenchang , was born in Shanyin (the present Shaoxing). He was a distinguished scholar who excelled in poetry, literature, calligraphy and painting. Being tame-less and high-hearted, he was always excluded from the court. His work the Four Voices of Apes is a collective term of four different plays, namely, The Wild Drummer, The Jade Buddhist Monk, The Female Magnolia and The Female No. 1 Scholar of the Country. Among them, The Wild Drummer is of greater importance, with its allusive story about Mi Heng's beating the drum to criticize the reign of Cao Cao. It can still be seen on stage. The Four Voices of Apes has profound and lasting impact on the theatrical world. Its idea of 'self-worth' was absolutely innovative and was absorbed into the later works like Peony Pavilion by Tang Xianzu.
    Besides plays, Xu Wei also accomplished much in theoretical research about dramas. His South Ci Poetry Record was the earliest and the only work on Southern Opera, which expounded and researched into the full range of Southern Opera from the origin, development, styles, the language, tune pattern, dialects, specific terms to playwrights and masterpieces. Some of its theories - its recognition of the function and position of local operas, the prototype theory, the idea of 'self worth' and Romanism - have had great impact ever since then.
Yue Opera Supplementary Biography Of Mulan
 
Copyright (c) 2005 ZJWH.GOV.CN All rights reserved.
Power By Hangzhou Edior Network Technology Dev Co.,LTD.