Home
Brief Introduction
Leaders
Duty
Sub Units
Awards
Culture Bureaus
Zhejiang Culture & Art
Culture Themes
 
  Zhejiang Dance can trace its history back to ancient times. In 1973, the archeologists excavated 139 bone whistles from Hemudu Cultural Relics of Yuyao in Zhejiang Province. One of the whistles was 10 centimeters long with 6 horizontal sound holes. Together with them was a pottery Xun, an egg-shaped, holed wind instrument. Here the sound of bone whistle and pottery Xun was not only the signal for laboring or hunting, but also the simple and crude accompaniment for ancient dances. According to homologous theory of music and dance, the multiple holed bone whistles and the pottery Xun left over from Hemudu civilization about 7,000 years ago must have been the earliest proof of the music-and-dance culture on this fertile land of ancient Yue State. So far, the most vivid written record about dances in the ancient Yue State has been the "Sacrificial Dance to Fangfeng".
     Among the Pre-Qin literature and historical materials, there are occasional accounts of Fangfeng in the latter half of Remarks of Monarchs-Lu State, which are told through the mouth of Confucius. When asked "How big can a bone be?", Confucius answered, " As far as I know, the bone of Fangfeng is the biggest. Long long ago, Yu asked all the gods to meet in Huiji, but Fangfeng got there very late. So Yu killed him and his bones fully loaded a big handcart." And the guest asked again, "Who was Fangfeng?" Confucius answered, "He was the king of Wangmang, and his territory covered Feng and Yu." During the Three Kingdoms Period, Wei Zhao from Wu State annotated Remarks of Monarchs. According to him, Feng referred to Mt. Feng and Yu referred to Mt.Yu, both of which were located in Yong'an County of Wu State. The county was renamed Wukang in Western Jin Dynasty, and is now a part of Deqing County of Zhejiang Province. In Southern Dynasty (420-589), Ren Fang of Liang State wrote Strange Stories upon ancient short sketches and novels. The first half of the book had a similar story of Fangfeng and indicated that people with the surname Fangfeng living in the mid-south were his offspring and they were all tall and big. According to the book, it was the custom of Yue State that when they offered sacrifice to God Fangfeng, three people danced with disheveled hair to a howl-like music made by a 1 meter long bamboo instrument. 
   
     Ren Fang's story, together with other materials, shows that this dance has a long history and has been handed down as customs in Yue State in Southern Dynasty. The connotation and the style of the dance are also presumably revealed as follows: In Yue State, those giant descendants of Fangfeng clan played the music that had come down for years with a kind of 1 meter long bamboo wind instrument. The music, mournful and ghastly, sounded like wolves howling in the plateau. Then three men danced to the music with disheveled hair. It was a simple and unsophisticated dance in which hysterics tried to fight its way out of bitterness.
     As a reflection of slavery politics and economy, dance is inevitably associated with worship to ancestors, gods and heroes. This is confirmed by the unearthed relics in other places of Zhejiang Province. For instance, the bronze cymbals excavated from Jin Gou (Gold Valley) of Shenze Village in Pan'an County of Jinhua was also a sacrificial instrument in Shang and Zhou dynasties. It was a percussion instrument used to heighten the morale of the soldiers at the ceremonies to celebrate victories and honor heroes.
 
ษฯาปาณ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 ฯยาปาณ
 
Copyright (c) 2005 ZJWH.GOV.CN All rights reserved.
Power By Hangzhou Edior Network Technology Dev Co.,LTD.