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In the Republic of China, based on the inherited customs and traditions, some programs of Zhejiang dance had some changes and developed. However, generally speaking, the folk dance development was seriously restricted by the political situation of the time. There were only occasional folk dance activities. Among the rare ones, the 1946's Lantern Festival was worth mentioning. In order to celebrate the victory in the Anti-Japanese War, a dragon dance contest was held in the hometown of dragon dance - Fenghua. One hundred and eight teams participated in this contest; On the second day of the lunar year in 1947, the famous dragon dancer of Tiaozhai Village of Fenghua led the team to Xikou. It was so coincidental that Jiang Jieshi and his son were spending holidays there in Xikou, their hometown. The dragon dancing team was sent for and they performed at "Feng Hao Fang (The House of Richness and Brightness)". Their masterly and strong flavored skills made Jiang beam with great joy. Later, Mrs Jiang tipped the dragon dancing team for their excellent performance. Enjoying Operas at Duyin Gardon, which was the diary of the late gentry Mr. Zhang Zhenxuan of Tingtian, Rui'an and prepared by Shen Chen for publication, referred to the folk singing-and-dancing activities of the time several times. For instance, in its April 1st diary of 1928, Mr. Zhang wrote: "It is the Pure Brightness Festival. In the old days, it was to be a busy time for Rui'an to worship the town god. But last year, it was cancelled for the obstruction from the party. We had planned to resume the custom this year, but due to the curfew and the turbulent situation, the plan failed. No other than Wujiao and Haicheng have some activities as before just for the sake of the festival." Except for some particular reasons, the diary of Mr. Zhang Zhenxuan never stopped a day for more than fifty years from the second day of the 14th year of Guangxu's reign to the eighth day of the 31st year of the Republic of China. So it was the precious historical material about operas and folk singing-and-dancing in southern Zhejiang for a half century. It was a pity that Mr. Zhang should finish his diary in lament over the folk dances of the time: "It used to a grand ceremony to welcome the god in this place. But as inflation spirals inexorably on, every household is impoverished°≠with still the curfew°≠ceremonies of all kinds are called off."
         In some places under the influence of the Chinese Communist Party, though regular singing-and-dancing activities were impossible due to the tough revolutionary fight, some folk artists and cultural workers created new patterns of folk dance with revolution as their component part. "Painful Foot-Binding" appeared during the Great Revolution in Sanmen County was a typical cast in point. In 1927 before the Tingpang Revolt led by the Communist Party, the Peasants Association and Women's Association made known to people the Party tenets through folk dances like "Vehicle Lantern" and "Lion's Meet". "Lu Yi (Art of Shangdong Province)" and "Social Education Team" of the Mt. Siming Base used to do some collection and the sorting-out works of Yangge (a popular rural folk dance) and other folk dances. According to Hu Zhangsheng, the ex-chairman of Ningbo General Worker's Union, during the Anti-Japanese War, those who wanted to save the nation from extinction inspirited people with a combination of the traditional folk dance "Rowing in the Lake" and the song "Come and Join the Army to Kill the Enemy"; They also adapted the folk "Lion Dance" into "Beat the Tiger", a dance about defeating the Japanese soldiers.
Going For The Singing Contest
 
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