Brief Introduction
Sub Units
Culture Bureaus
Zhejiang Culture & Art
Culture Themes
  During the Three Kingdoms Period, Zhejiang belonged to the Kingdom of Wu. The founder Sun Quan was native born in Fuchun of Wu County. He attached great importance to agriculture as he generalized the use of advanced tools and combined mercy with justice to explore the mountains. The aboriginal mountain residents were brought out of the forests and settled for agriculture. In addition to these, the mild climate of Wu and the fertile land further attracted refugees to move to south of the Changjiang River. This movement lasted for several hundred years from the Three Kingdoms to the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Zhejiang, where economy and culture had always been prosperous, became even more ample and harmonious with the newly coming culture elements from the Central Plains and the north. Moreover, Jiao Di and variety shows also had great impact on the dance of the time. As a result, dance became a culture of dazzling exuberance. The figures in the stone tomb of the late Eastern Han Dynasty or Three Kingdom Period, discovered in Yuan Jue King Temple in Chang'an Town of Haining County, Zhejiang Province in spring of 1973, were clear evidences of how grand and popular dance was at the time.
      The stone inscription of figures is the first one found in the south of the river and the southeast coast areas. It has rich content. There are many dancing figures on both east and west walls of the southern door of the coffin chamber, on the south towards the east wall, and on the second layer of the west and north walls. Among them are solo dance, pas de deux, three-people dance, collective dance, story-telling dance and singing-and-dancing operas like Behead The Snake and The Elderly Huang Of The East Sea. All the figures on the tomb walls are life like with some bowing or bending sideways, some rising high into the air, some doing contra dance and some dancing together in unison. One may not be able to tell their facial expressions, but still can feel their spirit and temperament from their expressive poses. Shaoxing once unearthed a bronze mirror of Eastern Han Dynasty. On it is a dancing figure with curly headdress, bag-sleeved clothes and stretching arms. It is quite similar with the stone inscriptions in Haining in their graceful bearings.
      The discoveries of diverse ancient dancing figures are sufficient evidence to show that during the Three Kingdom Period, Zhejiang dance was not only thriving, but also of high cultural level.
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